Hydrogen Mission

Being the cleanest form of energy, hydrogen is the latest buzzword, which can easily meet the energy needs of the world. Along with this, hydrogen can be produced from a variety of resources, such as natural gas, biomass, and renewable power like solar and wind.

From big firms like Reliance and Adani Industries etc. to state-owned oil refiner IndianOil and power producer NTPC, all have taken steps towards carbon-free environment initiatives and announced ambitious plans to adopt hydrogen as fuel.

During India’s 75th Independence Day celebration, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in his speech that The government is focusing on meeting its climate goals and for this, he announced a National Hydrogen Mission.

the PM Modi said, “Our efforts are showing results, from an increase in forest cover to increasing populations of Tigers and Asiatic Lions – the country is making strides in the environment sector adding. We are giving equal emphasis to Environmental Security as to National Security. Be it biodiversity or land neutrality, climate change or waste recycling, organic farming, India is progressing in all these sectors.

We have already announced a target of achieving 450 GW Renewable Energy by 2030, and I am happy to say that out of this we have already achieved 100 GW ahead of time.”

Further, He added, “The National Hydrogen Mission and the green hydrogen sector will give us a quantum jump in meeting our climate targets. We have to make India a green hydrogen hub, and this will also lead to a clean energy transition. India is not energy independent. It spends over Rs 12 lakh crore on importing energy. We need to become energy independent before 100 years of independence is completed.

Indian Railways had targeted 2030 to attain net-zero emissions. A circular economy was being emphasized by the government to achieve its environmental goals, including schemes such as the new vehicles scrappage policy.”

However, hydrogen production currently is expensive when compared with alternatives. Also, supply and distribution are a challenge. At present, oil refineries are the largest producer of hydrogen, which is used in various processes of refining crude oil.

The government plans to make it mandatory for refineries and fertilizer plants to use some green hydrogen.

Union Minister Mr. Dharmendra Pradha tweeted on this, “A clear cut roadmap for energy transition involving a gas-based economy, the network of CNG & PNG across the country, 20% ethanol blending will help realize the goal of becoming energy independent when India turns 100.”

According to reports, in the last six years, India has grown its renewable energy portfolio capacity very rapidly, from 32 GW to almost 100 GW. Also, by 2030, India aims to achieve 450 GW of renewable energy generation capacity, in which hydrogen will play an important role.


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