Solar energy proves to be the most dependable and environmentally beneficial energy source.
Solar panels are mounted on the rooftop or in an open area where maximum solar rays are available to get the most out of them.
These systems are typically exposed to animal droppings and other environmental conditions because they are installed in an open space.
Consumers are frequently concerned about environmental issues and their implications for solar panels.
But don’t be concerned! The only stipulation for enjoying the plethora of economic benefits that solar panels provide for more than 25 years is a little environmental preservation.
In this post, we’ve discussed some of the environmental conditions that affect the lifespan of solar panels, as well as the precautions that should be taken to avoid them.
Solar panel operation is often affected by the following factors:
1. Bird droppings/Animal walking
3. Weather conditions
4. Fire or Extreme Heat
1. Bird dropping/Animal walking:
Bird droppings or animals strolling, such as monkeys, cats, or dogs, are the most common causes of solar panel failure when they are installed on a rooftop or in an open location. Many birds construct nests under solar panels, which can disrupt the wiring system and cause power outages (Bird nesting is not a big issue in India as in western countries).
Bird droppings diminish solar power efficiency by blocking irradiation to a specific region of the solar panel. Regular cleaning of the solar panel with a mop and water is recommended to remove bird droppings, & other dust particles buildup on the panels. Also, one can apply bird-free fire gel or install bird protection.
Critter guards/ solar bird netting, which is a metal wiring cage-like structure, are commonly built to protect solar panels from animals or birds roaming underneath or above them. A monkey sitting on a solar panel is usually not a problem because the glass temperature during daylight makes it difficult for the monkey, or any other animal or bird, to sit on the panel. Furthermore, unlike any other sharp object, the weight of these animals will not do any damage to the solar panels.
When there is constant snowfall, customers often wonder if the solar panel will be able to generate electricity.
Solar power output will be reduced if solar panels are coated in the snow because the panels would be shadowed. Solar panels are set in such a way that they may easily slide off the melting snow to avoid this; a steeper tilt helps the snow melt faster.
However, if a huge amount of snow falls on the roof all at once, the roof’s structure may be compromised. In areas where snowfall is common, a snow guard can be installed with the solar panel to protect the solar panel and roof. Solar snow guards are typically put on the borders, and they aid in the gradual removal of snow from the solar panels on the roof, or they hold the snow on the roof until it melts.
3. Weather conditions
Consumers are especially concerned about climatic conditions such as hailstorms, severe showers, and hurricanes.
Scratches on the solar panel can be caused by heavy rain or hail storms. As a result, these solar panels are made and installed following all necessary test requirements to ensure that they are resistant to various environmental factors.
Solar panels now have a mechanical load capacity of up to 5400 Pa, allowing them to withstand heavy rains or hailstorms. This means that solar panels can withstand heavy rain and hailstorms.
Cloudy weather and heavy rain, for example, can reduce the output of solar panels. When the sun comes out, though, the panel’s power output is restored. Damage can be avoided if handled and placed with care.
4. Fire or Extreme Heat
Solar panels on high roofs can catch fire due to fire or excessive heat. If a fire spreads, improper behaviors such as setting bonfires or cooking near or beneath a solar panel might cause harm to the panel.
A fire can also be started by overvoltage, power surges, lightning, or faulty equipment.
Panels can overheat if there isn’t enough airflow to remove the heat from the panels if the roof doesn’t have enough air gap. This approach must be avoided because it reduces the efficiency of solar cells (solar cell efficiency drops with a rise in the temperature of the solar cell). It could also cause the solar panels to be irreversibly damaged.
When installing solar panels, customers frequently wish to save money on the expense of building a protection system. They frequently thought of it as an “additional fee.” However, while installing a solar protection system may appear to be an extra cost, doing so can result in the partial or entire loss of the solar system, as well as damage to the property and/or individuals nearby.
External surges and transients in the PV system are most commonly caused by lightning.
Surges are abrupt changes in voltage, current, or power that can have an impact on a solar system. Surge protection devices must be placed (in the junction boxes) during the installation of the system to protect the electrical loads from transients and surges.
To protect the solar PV system from direct lightning, a lightning protection system (lightning arrestor) is put on the building’s highest point.
Installing both lightning and surge protection systems, especially on tall buildings, is suggested to safeguard the solar panel system from direct and indirect lightning effects.
How Can We Help?
Hope this information about “Protect Your Solar Plant with Natural threats” helps you.
If you are planning to start a solar business or install a solar solution, you can connect with Ornate Solar to get the best assistance with the best prices for solar panels. We are the official partner of Canadian Solar panels & Renewsys solar panels in India.
For more information, please give us a call at 011-4353-6666.